The gaps in Marlaska’s comprehensive plan to protect victims of sexist violence
It contemplates also monitoring the aggressor but police and civil guards see it as “impossible” to carry it out without increasing the staff
The comprehensive plan for the protection of victims of sexist violence that the Ministry of the Interior is launching today has a very difficult fit in practice despite being, on paper, a manual that covers all the edges of the problem.
The department headed by Fernando Grande-Marlaska not only plans to strengthen care for women at risk, but also intends to increase surveillance of the aggressors.
All with the same agents in charge of protecting the victims; the same ones who have been denouncing for years that they cannot cope to ensure that the protocols are complied with.
Instruction 1/2023 of the Secretary of State for Security – which contemplates that agents inform victims of sexist violence – whose risk assessment ranges from medium to extreme, of the background of their aggressor – will be very difficult “rather impossible » to be carried out if the staff of Police and Civil Guard agents dedicated to the protection of women at risk is not increased, as sources consulted from both bodies warn.
The new manual also integrates the surveillance of men denounced for Gender Violence and goes through “the monitoring and supervision of repeat offenders”, detailed sources from the Ministry of the Interior. Later, they will have to leave an express record of this control that is deployed over the aggressor.
At this time, the same sources indicated, there are nearly 60,000 men registered in this situation due to their recidivist behavior -and therefore considered to be at a high level of danger- in the Viogen system.
Police and civil guards must influence the information of the support resources that the victims can access as well as convey to them that it is a priority that they establish a flow of communication with them to indicate any incident with the reported aggressor.
They should also pursue the involvement of the victim’s environment. The agents, in addition, will be able to specify the woman all the previous times that she has been denounced. These data will be made available to the victims as long as their abuser has two or more complaints, although the events in which he is involved will not be detailed. They will do so, they point out, using their own judgment of “proportionality and analysis.”
This expansion of the functions of the agents in charge of personalized security plans enervated a good part of the group yesterday. After the wave of sexist crimes at the beginning of the year, an agent of the special team of the Civil Guard dedicated to fighting gender violence settled this newspaper: “With what we are, it is impossible to protect the victims, we are overwhelmed.”
“It is unfeasible and it is impossible. It is almost impossible to keep track of all the women at risk to now follow the aggressors as well. There are not enough staff for them. We are deficient in gender violence and obviously it is urgent to expand the templates, ”reasons Agustín Leal, spokesman for the majority group of the Jucil Civil Guard.
«Again they are carried out without taking into account the real needs of the protagonists in complying with these measures. As we have been denounced, the situation of the National Police units in charge of cases of gender violence is agonizing and with this it will be unsustainable,” explained Aarón Rivero, Jupol’s general secretary.
Of the totality of registered aggressors -which amount to 655,571–594,492 (90%) appear with only one victim; 51,092 (7.8%) with two victims; 7,832 (1.2%) with three victims and 2,155 (0.3%) with more than three victims. According to this calculation, the abusers who have assaulted two or more partners represent 9.3% of all the aggressors in the system. Since the start of the system in July 2007, 5,820,000 assessments have been carried out.